Bio-carbon is a wood-based product that is produced by processing raw residual fibre in a patented kiln process. “Organic Coal”. The product is high quality with little to no ash content, little to no Sulphur content and little to no moisture content. It is an alternate to coal in industries such as energy and power, agriculture, carbon filters and chemical additives. Has endless possibilities in the replacement of coal and soil enhancements.
Research confirms bio-carbon enriched soils grow larger, healthier plants with greater yields, particularly in degraded or highly weathered soils. There are many institutions such a University of Alberta and the University of California that have done extensive research on bio-carbon. In fact, Bio-Carbon users typically report their costs of using bio-carbon as an amendment or to replace fertilizers in conventional uses are paid off during the first year by increased yield revenues.
Increases in soil fertility are attributed to bio-carbon's unique properties of adsorption and stability. Compared to other organic soil amendments, bio-carbon is much more effective at retaining nutrients and keeping them available to plants. It maintains a porous structure, which attracts beneficial microbes, holds onto nutrients, retains moisture - qualities that increase efficiency and enhance crop yield, while reducing the need to irrigate. Bio-carbon is much more stable in the environment than any other form of organic matter.
All in all, this powerful soil amendment can be a significant tool to increase food security and crop diversity, particularly in areas with depleted soils, limited organic resources, and scarce water. The increased soil fertility and agricultural yields from the use of bio-carbon may also decrease the need for further deforestation for agricultural purpos
The long pores provide significant surface area. As a matter of fact, 1 gram of ISB bio-carbon has a surface area of about 400m2.
Bio-carbon has a cation exchange capacity that electrostatically attracts certain types of molecules in the soil, air and/or water. The molecules are bonded to the bio-carbon walls where roots can access them throughout the growing season. The bio-carbon becomes a nutrient-rich, time-release capsule for plants and is a major reason why bio-carbon is so effective enhancing plant growth.
Bio-carbon has been tested for water sequestration and found to hold 5.6 times its weight in water. And, because the pores are very long compared with their openings, there is very little evaporation. When roots do not consume the sequestered water, it is held for long periods of time.
To soil microbes, cleaned out bio-carbon pores look like a concrete condominium complex (see fig 2) so they move in to set up a community. Once embedded, they are protected from precipitation that would otherwise disperse them. With Bio-carbon, microbes flourish and help create living soil and/or the world most desired soil Terra Preta.